Biowatch SA

An NGO based in KwaZulu-Natal, Biowatch South Africa was established in 1997 to publicise, monitor and research issues of genetic modification, and to promote biological diversity and sustainable livelihoods. Aiming to prevent biodiversity from being privatised for corporate gain, Biowatch’s work ranges from advocacy at policy level to training rural small-scale farmers on agro-ecology.

EarthLore works with rural communities to accompany them on a journey to revive their traditional ecological knowledge and practices, seed diversity and farming and governance systems, essential for navigating climate change and defending their land against growing threats from mining and industrial exploitation.


A support organisation dating back to 1996, the South African San Institute is an independent NGO based in Kimberly, Northern Cape, which mobilises resources for the benefit of the San peoples. Through community engagement, training, networking, and supporting the development of culture, heritage and language; the South African San Institute strives to support the San peoples in managing their own future and embracing their unique heritage.


PhytoTrade Africa

Established in 2001, PhytoTrade Africa is a membership-based non-profit natural product trade association. Representing producers from eight southern African nations, PhytoTrade Africa assists rural producers with developing and marketing their natural products. Experienced in access and benefit sharing (ABS), the organisation aims to alleviate poverty and conserve biodiversity by developing a natural products industry that is not only economically successful, but also ethical and sustainable.


People and Plants International

People and Plants International grew out of the People and Plants Initiative (1992-2004) – a partnership between the Worldwide Fund for Nature, UNESCO, and the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew. An independent non-profit organisation based in the United States, People and Plants International work with communities and organisations around the world to foster stewardship of natural resources through the involvement of local people, and guide policy towards enabling ethical and sustainable natural product trade.


A multi-donor initiative administered by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, the ABS Capacity Development Initiative was established in 2006 to support relevant stakeholders on the African continent and in the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States countries in developing and implementing national ABS regulations, in particular to ratify and implement the Nagoya Protocol on ABS.



The University of Central Lancashire is based in Preston, United Kingdom. The bio-economy chair has worked closely, and continues to collaborate with Professor Doris Schroeder, director of the Centre for Professional Ethics, based at the University’s School of Health. Professor Schroeder’s research interests are: global justice, benefit sharing, responsible research and innovation, human rights in medicine, access to medicines for the poor, and dignity.